Delicious Irish Scones, studded with currants and flavoured with a touch of orange zest. Crispy, tender, flaky, buttery, sweet and salty, all in one perfect bite!
Why you’ll love this Irish Scones recipe
If you’re looking for the a truly fabulous scone, that just checks all the great scone boxes, then you’ll love these scones!
As you can see by the pictures, these are rustic scones, that will have a mind of their own as they bake, with each one baking up in a bit different shape. They’re perfectly imperfect :) It also means there is no need to deal with biscuit cutters or re-rolling scraps. Simply slice and bake.
These scones have a wonderfully crispy bottom (thanks to the butter) and a beautiful crisp and flaky top. Inside, enjoy the tender, buttery crumb, with the currants and orange zest. The topping of both sugar and salt brings the wonderful flavour contrast and of course, the combination of currants and orange is just always delicious.
Finally, this small-batch scone recipe produces 4 beautiful scones, that can be enjoyed fresh, when they are at their best. Since they come together quickly and easily, making them in smaller batches is definitely the way to go.
Ingredients and Substitutions
All-purpose flour – all purpose (or plain) flour is all you need here and is recommended. Using other flours (such as bread or cake) requires adjustments to the liquid amount, so unless you are sure you know how to make those adjustments and what the results of using a different flour will be, stick with the all purpose :)
Milk – whole (3-3.5% b.f.) milk is recommended, for best results. Lower (or higher) fat milk or cream is an option, but will affect the finished texture and flavour to some degree, with higher fat cream producing a richer scone and lower fat producing a less rich scone.
Buttermilk can be used, but you need to make some alterations to the recipe! I have noted the alterations needed in the Notes section in the Recipe Card.
I haven’t tested this recipe with non-dairy milk, but I suspect it would work, though with the some affect to the flavour and possibly the texture.
Currants – currants are a classic addition to Irish Scones, but if you only have raisins on hand, opt for the darker raisins (such as Thompson) and maybe roughly chop them. Currants are quite small, which works well in these scones, as they don’t add too much bulk, so trying to duplicate the size would be a good idea.
Orange Zest – I have always been smitten with the flavour combination of raisins (or currants) and orange, so I love to add some orange zest to the mix. It is totally optional though and you can certainly just omit it, if you prefer.
Salt – for the topping, go with a flaky salt, such as Maldon’s, if you have it on hand. While not flaky, Fleur de Sel is always a good choice for a finishing salt. Coarse Kosher salt will also work, but use a lighter hand. Finally, if fine salt is your only option, go ahead and add a bit with a very light hand.
How to Make Irish Scones: Step-by-Step
Start your scones mixing together the milk, sugar and salt in a medium bowl or 2 cup measuring cup, until sugar and salt is dissolved. Set aside.
In a large bowl, whisk together the flour and baking powder. Add the cubes of cold butter and use your fingertips to rub the butter into the flour mixture, until you have an even crumb with butter pieces no larger than pea-sized. Add the milk mixture and stir together until all the flour is moistened. The dough should be quite moist and maybe a tiny bit sticky, but not overly sticky or wet.
Remove the dough to a floured work surface, adding a dusting of flour, if needed, if the dough is sticking. Roll the dough into a 7×8-inch rectangle. Spread the dough with the softened butter, scatter with the currants and sprinkle with orange zest, if using. Fold the dough from the 7-inch end, folding like a letter, as shown above. Finally, fold in half crosswise, folding the right side over the left.
Gently roll the dough block into a 4×4-inch square and score the top lightly into four. Using a very sharp knife, make one swift, confident stroke to cut the scones into 4 pieces. Place the pieces onto a parchment-lined baking sheet, several inches apart. Brush the top of the scones with milk and sprinkle with coarse or regular sugar. Bake. Once out of the oven, drizzle with a bit of melted butter and sprinkle with coarse salt flakes.
Scone Making Tips
Should scone dough be dry or wet? – the perfect scone dough is neither wet or dry, but just moistened. If the dough is slightly sticky in the bowl, a little flour on the work surface will easily remove the stickiness. If it seems dry in the bowl, add a bit more liquid (milk or cream generally), in small increments, until the dough is just moist.
Don’t over-work the dough – the less you handle the dough, the better, so don’t over-work or over-roll the dough.
Keep it cold – you never want the butter in scones to get warm and softened, as cold butter in the oven produces steam, which produces flaky scones. So work quickly and get the scones right in the oven. If you feel it got a little warm, stick the baking tray with the scones into the freezer for 5-10 minutes before baking.
Cut scones with a quick, confident slice with a sharp knife! – a swift cut, straight down, with a sharp knife or cutter will help to preserve the layers. When using a round cutter, again, straight down quickly and don’t twist. This ensures the sides don’t get sealed. You want the steam to be able to escape out the sides to make the flaky layers.
Brush only the top of the scones – when brushing the top of scones, whether with milk or egg, be careful to brush just the top of the scones and don’t allow any of the liquid to drip down the sides of the scones. The moisture on the side will cause the same issue as above re cutting, in that it will seal up the sides and not allow steam to escape out the sides.
I personally love the crispy bottom on these scones, but if don’t, bake them with doubled-up baking sheets to lessen the bottom browning.
Making ahead, storing and freezing
Scones are at their best freshly baked, but these will keep in an airtight container for about 48 hours. They will lose their crispiness as they sit.
You can freeze baked scones up to 2 months. You could also freeze the unbaked scones and bake from frozen, allowing extra time to bake.
Get the Recipe: Irish Scones
- 1/2 cup (125 ml) whole milk, cold (see Recipe Notes for using Buttermilk innstead of milk)
- 2 Tablespoon granulated white sugar
- 1/2 teaspoon Kosher salt, reduce to 1/4 tsp if using salted butter
- 1 1/2 cups (180 g) all purpose flour
- 1 1/4 teaspoon baking powder
- 5 Tablespoon (70 g) unsalted butter, cold and cut into 5-6 pieces
- 1 Tablespoon unsalted butter, at room temperature
- 1/4 cup currants
- Orange zest, about 1 tsp or to taste
For topping before baking:
- Milk, for brushing tops
- Coarse or regular sugar, such as turbinado or demerera
For topping after baking:
- 2 Tablespoon (28 g) unsalted butter, melted
- Flaky salt, such as Maldon's or Fleur de Sel
- *You will need 8 Tablespoons (1/2 cup, 1 stick or 113g) of butter total to make a single batch. Note that 5 Tbsp will be used cold, 1 Tbsp will be used at room temperature and the final 2 Tbsp will be melted. So remember to set aside the 1 Tbsp of butter to soften ahead a bit. If you forget, you can microwave it very, very briefly to soften it enough to spread. Try not to melt it though.
- Preheat oven to 375F (regular bake/not fan assisted). Line a rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper and set aside. (Make sure to use a rimmed baking sheet, as there will be butter in the pan that needs to be contained.)
- In a medium bowl or a 2-cup measuring cup, stir together the milk, sugar and salt until the sugar and salt is dissolved. Set aside.
- In a large bowl, whisk together the flour and baking powder. Add the pieces of cold butter and use your fingertips to rub the butter into the flour mixture, until you have an even crumb with butter pieces no larger than pea-sized. Add the milk mixture to the bowl and use a fork to stir together until all the flour is moistened. The dough should be fairly moist and maybe a tiny bit sticky, but not overly sticky or wet.
- Remove the dough to a lightly floured surface. If the dough is sticking to your surface or your hands, add a dusting of flour to the dough. Using a rolling pin, roll the dough into a 7x8-inch rectangle. Spread the dough with the piece of softened butter. scatter with the currants press them down into the dough a bit with the palm of your hand. Sprinkle with orange zest, if using. Fold the dough from the 7-inch end, folding like a letter by folding the top down over the centre and then folding the bottom up to cover the first fold. Finally, fold the dough in half crosswise, folding the right side over the left. *Refer to the Step-by-Step photos above this Recipe Card if the folding instructions aren't clear to you.
- Using a rolling pin, gently roll the dough block into a 4x4-inch square and use a knife to lightly score the top into four even pieces. (Again, refer to the Step-by-Step photos if needed). Using a very sharp knife, make one swift, confident stroke to cut the scones into 4 pieces. Place the pieces onto a parchment-lined baking sheet, several inches apart. Brush the top of the scones with milk and sprinkle with coarse or regular sugar.
- Bake scones in preheated oven for 25-30 minutes, or until golden brown and puffy.
- Once out of the oven, drizzle with a bit of melted butter and sprinkle with coarse salt flakes. Remove scones to a wire rack to cool to just warm or to room temperature. The texture of scones is better once they are allowed to cool.
Hi! I’m Jennifer, a home cook schooled by trial and error and almost 40 years of getting dinner on the table! I love to share my favourite recipes, both old and new, together with lots of tips and tricks to hopefully help make your home cooking enjoyable, stress free, rewarding and of course, delicious!